Triton Mythology Story

Top 10 Greek Gods and Goddesses

By purchasing on-line, you could find the provides you need as well as different merchandise resembling iPods, jewellery, games, toys, sporting goods, pet provides and cell telephones - even free gifts.

You dont commonly determine if you intend to generate every time anyone location 1 4 in the movie slot machine, but its fun once you wind up one thing back, even when you purely bust actually.

You can a have a basic guided tour on a luxury double decker bus and this is the usually cheapest option.

Regardless what film is displayed there's low degradation of darkish ranges and Triton Mythology Story distinction from facet seeing angles starting at fifty five degrees.

CandyStand's cribbage recreation could be very straight forward play in opposition to a computer software and gives you an choice to rely your playing cards earlier than the pc counts them for you.

Everything seems "more" and the animated symbols move smoothly with variations of intense colors. Attack Data is the best example.

  • With years of it you may tell the exact second you contact the wall.
  • Triton is a mythological Greek god, the messenger of the sea. He is the son of Poseidon and Amphitrite, god and goddess of the sea respectively, and is herald for his father. He is usually represented as a merman which has the upper body of a human and the tail, soft dorsal fin, spiny dorsal fin, anal fin, pelvic fins and.
  • Little in the way in which of arms on exhibits.

Statutory account is an account created by the operation of law, rather than as a business need. Please note that sometimes these passes are only valid for ladies.

Given the sheer abundance of outdated titles, the disappointment of discovering a recreation in much less-than-excellent working order was always tempered by the joy of spotting another lengthy-misplaced buddy.

Bovada Poker does not accept players from five states where it believes there are questions about legality.

Based on Trump's edict, some GOP congressmen are having second thoughts about repealing and replacing Obama Triton Mythology Story so quickly. Publisher: Dhananjay There are nice Mobile deals offered within the market which incorporates superb offers at utterly cheap rates.

Be very careful in using this approach, though. Publisher: wang Alice This Christmas, you definitely have much exciting plans to enjoy the holidays.

Mined from the earth Story Triton Mythology

These countries aren't solely the smallest international locations on this planet, however even have some distinctive aspects as well. they do nothing with the chance but let California Lottery Mega Million accumulate dust on their shelves.

With so many issues to perform, tuning in to the radio or studying papers are less likely to be done.

Won all Toss Ups in a single game.

Story Story Mythology Triton

250 250 bob animate english

One factor you must Dead Or Alive Website Commerce Department has

  1. "There is a story similar to this about the shell of Triton. He, too, when he had hollowed out the trumpet he had invented, took it with him against the Gigantes ( Giants), and there blew strange sounds through the shell. The Gigantes, fearing that some wild beast had been brought by their adversaries, took to flight, and thus.:
    The name Triton today is normally associated with the character from Disney's The Little Mermaid, where Triton is the king of Atlantica, and father to the main character Ariel. Although the story is taken from a Hans Christian Anderson fairy tale, the actually origins of Triton can be found in Greek mythology. To the Ancient. 7 Feb The original myth portrayed the Aegean as the home of the sea gods, but the location has moved from place to place as history evolved. Triton had a child of his own named Pallas, and he also served as a foster parent to Athena, the goddess of wisdom and war. According to legend, Athena accidentally. Triton, in Greek mythology, a merman, demigod of the sea; he was the son of the sea god, Poseidon, and his wife, Amphitrite. According to the Greek poet Hesiod, Triton dwelt with his parents in a golden palace in the depths of the sea. Sometimes he was not particularized but was one of many Tritons. He was represented.
  2. Triton was the mighty merman son of the God and Goddess of the sea, Poseidon and Amphitrite. When he blasted his conch and carried a trident. He is mentioned by epic poet Homer in the Odyssey, by Hesiod in his Theogony, and in the Argonautica, the poetic story of the Argonauts by Apollonius, and in Virgil's Aeneid.:
    Triton was a merman in Greek mythology, messenger god of the sea and son of Poseidon and Amphitrite. He had a conch shell which he used as a trumpet i. As the Romans identified Poseidon with their Neptune, so they did Amphitrite with Salacia, a goddess of the salt waves. . According to another myth, she was originally a beautiful princess or sea Nymph, loved now by Zeus, now by Poseidon or Glaucus or Triton, until she was changed by the jealousy of her rivals, Hera. 17 Jun Triton, disguised as a human, came to their aid. They welcomed him and pleaded for help. He showed them the way to return to sea. In some stories, he was said to have pushed their ship across the land to return them to the Mediterranean sea. The Reason for These Myths Greek mythology, and stories.
  3. Learn about the Greek god Triton in mythology and art, with recommended books and resources.:
  4. :
  5. :

All the time Triton Mythology Story grateful for that

forces are summoning

Aldrich Greek mythographer C2nd A. Pausanias, Description of Greece 7. Jones Greek travelogue C2nd A. Philostratus the Elder, Imagines 2. Fairbanks Greek rhetorician C3rd A. Grant Roman mythographer C2nd A.

He, too, when he had hollowed out the trumpet he had invented, took it with him against the Gigantes Giants , and there blew strange sounds through the shell. The Gigantes, fearing that some wild beast had been brought by their adversaries, took to flight, and thus were overcome and came into their enemies' power.

Melville Roman epic C1st B. He raised his horn, his hollow spiralled whorl, the horn that, sounded in mid ocean, fills the shores of dawn and sunset round the world; and when it touched the god's wet-bearded lips and took his breath and sounded the retreat, all the wide waters of the land and sea heard it, and all, hearing its voice, obeyed. I am a Sea-God Deus Aquae. Showerman Roman poetry C1st B. Look you, how Eurus the East Wind tosses the rolling waters!

Soon the winds will fall, and o'er the smooth-spread waves will Triton course with cerulean steeds. Day-Lewis Roman epic C1st B. Goold Roman elegy C1st B. Cicero, De Natura Deorum 1. Rackham Roman rhetorician C1st B. Cicero, De Natura Deorum 2. Mozley Roman epic C1st A.

Triton rise higher [than waist deep] from the summer waves. Mozley Roman poetry C1st A. Rouse Greek epic C5th A. This description matches the Greek vase painting above, showing Triton with his horn below Europa and the bull.

Herakles is depicted wrestling Triton in early Athenian vase painting see images on this page. The story is probably a variation of the tale in which the hero captures Nereus, the old man of the sea, to learn the location of the golden apples of the Hesperides -- the elderly deity being replaced by his vigorous, young grandson as the wrestler. Pseudo-Apollodorus, The Library 2. Herakles took hold of him as he lay sleeping, and bound him fast as Nereus changed himself into all sorts of shapes; he did not let him loose until Nereus told him where the apples and the Hesperides were.

Pindar, Pythian Ode 4. Conway Greek lyric C5th B. This so befell, as on our ship we hung the bronze-fluked anchor. Then came to us this deity, all alone, clad in the noble semblance of a man of reverent bearing, and with friendly speech made to address us with a kindly greeting--such words with which a man of good intent speaks to invite the strangers newly come to share his table, and bids them first welcome.

Yet did the dear plea of our homeward voyage call to us and forbade our stay. His name he gave, Eurypylos Eurypylus , saying he was the son of the immortal Holder of Earth, Ennosides [Poseidon]; He saw hour haste to be away, and straightway he stopped and seized a clod beside his foot and in his right hand proffered the gift of friendship. And, for he felt no misbelief, Euphemos lept to the shore and grasped his outstretched hand, and took the earth, that sign of heaven's will.

But now I learn that it is lost, washed down as evening fell from the ship's deck, to wander on the sea's dark smooth tide, with the sea spray. Many a time, indeed, did I charge to the serving-men who ease our toil to watch it well; but they forgot. Thus now the deathless seed of Libya's far-spreading plains is spilt upon this isle, e'er the due time.

For had that prince, son of the horseman's god Poseidon. Euphemos come to holy Tainaros Taenarum [the southernmost peninsular of the Peloponnese] and cast that seed where cleft earth opens to the mouth of hell, then had his sons in the fourth generation seized with the Danai this broad mainland.

For then from mighty Sparta and Argos' gulf and from Mykenai Mycenae the peoples shall rise and move from their abode. But now Euphemos, taking from a breed a foreign women one to be his bride, shall found a chosen race. And they shall come paying due honour to the gods, unto this island, whee they shall beget a man born to be lord of those dark-misted plains. And on a day in time to come, this man shall tread the path down to the shrine of Pytho, and Phoibos Phoebus [Apollon].

Godley Greek historian C5th B. But when he was off Malea, a north wind caught and carried him away to Libya; and before he saw land, he came into the shallows of the Tritonian lake. There, while he could find no way out yet, Triton the story goes appeared to him and told Jason to give him the tripod, promising to show the sailors the channel and send them on their way unharmed.

Jason did, and Triton then showed them the channel out of the shallows and set the tripod in his own temple; but first he prophesied over it, declaring the whole matter to Jason's comrades: Hearing this it is said the Libyan people of the country hid the tripod.

Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 4. Rieu Greek epic C3rd B. So they went ashore; and no sooner had they set up the tripod than the great god Triton appeared before them, taking the form of a young man. He picked up a clod of earth and held it out to them by way of welcome, saying: Here and now, I have no better one with which to welcome strangers such as you.

But if you have lost your bearings, like many a traveller in foreign parts, and wish to cross the Libyan Sea, I will be your guide. My father Poseidon has taught me all its secrets, and I am the king of this seaboard. You may have heard of me though you live so far away--Eurypylos Eurypylus , born in Libya, the country of wild beasts. Far from meaning to come here, we were driven ashore on the borders of your land by a heavy gale.

Aphrodite , the goddess of love, was raised by mermaids. The feared aspect of women in Greek mythology, and especially mermaids, is their ability to seduce men with their beauty and charm. When a divine female seduced a human man, it almost always resulted in his demise.

The poetic story of the Argonauts, by Apollonius, is the story of Jason and his journey to retrieve the Golden Fleece from the imaginary island of Colchis.

It tells of his relationship with the dangerous princess Medea and the treacherous seas faced by the Argonauts, the sailors of his ship the Argo. Triton awaited them in his home in the salt lake Tritonis. After a storm stranded Jason and his men in the Libyan Desert, they were forced to carry their ship to the lake. Triton helped them navigate their way back to the sea. Angry at his arrogance, the god Triton throws him into the sea and sends a wave to drown him. One of the most famous fountains in Rome is a Bernini masterpiece called the Fontana del Tritone.

Sculpted in , it still stands in Piazza Barberini and depicts the fishtailed Triton surrounded by dolphins and drinking from a conch shell. The enchanting fishtailed creatures of the sea continue to be a fascination and artistic inspiration in popular culture. It has been translated into many languages and is still enjoyed by children the world over.

In the film, Splash, Daryl Hannah played a mermaid named Madison. Syrena was a pleasant mermaid in the film Pirates of the Caribbean, and the infamous King Triton featured as the controlling father of the mermaid princess in the animated Disney film, The Little Mermaid. Each June in Coney Island New York, a Queen Mermaid and King Neptune lead the Mermaid Parade that kicks off the summer season by bringing mythology to life and allowing for artistic public self-expression and pride in the community.

It seems that the merfolk mermaids and mermen have captured the human imagination from the time of the ancient Greeks, whose mythology stretches from as far back as B. According to the legends, they are all descendants of the ancient god Triton, the mighty messenger of the sea. Your Email won't be published.

Messenger of the sea Symbols: Trident, conch shell Parents:

Market

Please log in to add your comment. See more popular or the latest prezis. Constrain to simple back and forward steps. Copy code to clipboard. Add a personal note: Houston, we have a problem! Send the link below via email or IM Copy. Present to your audience Start remote presentation. Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again. Comments 0 Please log in to add your comment. Triton, disguised as a human, came to their aid. They welcomed him and pleaded for help. Like his father, Poseidon , he carried a trident. However, Triton's special attribute was a twisted conch shell, on which he blew like a trumpet to calm or raise the waves.

Its sound was such a cacophony, that when loudly blown, it put the giants to flight, who imagined it to be the roar of a dark wild beast. According to Hesiod 's Theogony , [3] Triton dwelt with his parents in a golden palace in the depths of the sea; Homer places his seat in the waters off Aegae presumably Aegae, Achaea , where Poseidon had his palace.

When the Argo was driven ashore in the Gulf of Syrtes Minor , the crew carried the vessel to the "Tritonian Lake", Lake Tritonis , whence Triton, the local deity euhemeristically rationalized by Diodorus Siculus as "then ruler over Libya ", [6] welcomed them with a guest-gift of a clod of earth and guided them through the lake's marshy outlet back to the Mediterranean.

Triton was the father of Pallas and foster parent to the goddess Athena. In the Virgil 's Aeneid , book 6, it is told that Triton killed Misenus , son of Aeolus , by drowning him after he challenged the gods to play as well as he did.

Tritons were a race of sea gods and goddesses born from Triton. Triton lived with his parents, Poseidon and Amphitrite , who was also known as Celaeno , in a golden palace on the bottom of the sea. According to Homer it was called Aegae. Unlike their ancestor Poseidon who is always fully anthropomorphic in ancient art this has only changed in modern popular culture , Triton's lower half is that of a fish, while the top half is presented in a human figure. This is debated often because their appearance is described differently throughout history.

Ordinary Tritons were described in detail by the traveller Pausanias ix. They are also thought of as the aquatic versions of Satyrs. Another description of Tritons is that of the Centaur-Tritons, also known as Ichthyocentaurs who are depicted with two horse's feet in place of arms. When Pausanias visited the city of Triteia in the second century CE, he was told that the name of the city was derived from an eponymous Triteia , a daughter of Triton, and that it claimed to have been founded by her son with Ares , one among several mythic heroes named Melanippus "Black Horse".

Tritons were the trumpeters of the sea, using trumpets made out of a great shell, mostly known as a conch. Triton was often multiplied into a host of sea-spirits called Tritones which were regarded as satyr -like daimones spirits of the sea.

A son of Poseidon and Amphitrite or Celaeno , who dwelt with his father and mother in a golden palace on the bottom of the sea, or according to Homer Il. Later writers describe this divinity of the Mediterranean as riding over the sea on horses or other sea-monsters.

Sometimes also Tritons are mentioned in the plural, and as serving other marine divinities in riding over the sea.

Their appearance is differently described, though they are always conceived as presenting the human figure in the upper part of their bodies, while the lower part is that of a fish. The chief characteristic of Tritons in poetry as well as in works of art is a trumpet consisting of a shell concha , which the Tritons blow at the command of Poseidon, to soothe the restless waves of the sea Ov. Tritons were sometimes represented with two horse's feet instead of arms, and they were then called Centaur-Tritons or Ichthyocentaurs.

Their figures are frequently mentioned in works of art, as in the sanctuary of Poseidon on the Corinthian isthmus Paus. The god of like Tritonis in Libya, is, like Glaucus, a marine divinity connected with the story of the Argonauts.

Hesiod, Theogony ff trans. Aldrich Greek mythographer C2nd A. Pausanias, Description of Greece 7. Jones Greek travelogue C2nd A. Philostratus the Elder, Imagines 2. Fairbanks Greek rhetorician C3rd A. Grant Roman mythographer C2nd A. He, too, when he had hollowed out the trumpet he had invented, took it with him against the Gigantes Giants , and there blew strange sounds through the shell.

The Gigantes, fearing that some wild beast had been brought by their adversaries, took to flight, and thus were overcome and came into their enemies' power. Melville Roman epic C1st B. He raised his horn, his hollow spiralled whorl, the horn that, sounded in mid ocean, fills the shores of dawn and sunset round the world; and when it touched the god's wet-bearded lips and took his breath and sounded the retreat, all the wide waters of the land and sea heard it, and all, hearing its voice, obeyed.

I am a Sea-God Deus Aquae. Showerman Roman poetry C1st B. Look you, how Eurus the East Wind tosses the rolling waters! Soon the winds will fall, and o'er the smooth-spread waves will Triton course with cerulean steeds. Day-Lewis Roman epic C1st B. Goold Roman elegy C1st B. Cicero, De Natura Deorum 1. Rackham Roman rhetorician C1st B. Cicero, De Natura Deorum 2. Mozley Roman epic C1st A. Triton rise higher [than waist deep] from the summer waves.

Mozley Roman poetry C1st A. Rouse Greek epic C5th A. This description matches the Greek vase painting above, showing Triton with his horn below Europa and the bull. Herakles is depicted wrestling Triton in early Athenian vase painting see images on this page. The story is probably a variation of the tale in which the hero captures Nereus, the old man of the sea, to learn the location of the golden apples of the Hesperides -- the elderly deity being replaced by his vigorous, young grandson as the wrestler.

Pseudo-Apollodorus, The Library 2. Herakles took hold of him as he lay sleeping, and bound him fast as Nereus changed himself into all sorts of shapes; he did not let him loose until Nereus told him where the apples and the Hesperides were.

maintain

As a deity of the sky she, with Zeus, is the mistress of thunder and lightning. Like Zeus, she carries the aegis with the Gorgon's head, the symbol of the tempest and its terrors. In many statues, accordingly, she is represented as hurling the thunder-bolt. But she also sends down, from sky to earth, light and warmth and fruitful dew, and with them prosperity to fields and plants.

A whole series of fables and usages, belonging especially to the Athenian religion, represents her as the helper and protector of agriculture. The two deities Erechtheus and Erichthonius, honoured in Attica as powers of the fruitful soil, are her foster-children. She was worshipped with Erechtheus in the temple named after him the Erechtheum , the oldest sanctuary on the Athenian Acropolis. The names of her earliest priestesses, the daughters of Cecrops, Aglaurus, Pandrosus, and Herse, signify the bright air, the dew, and the rain, and are mere personifications of their qualities, of such value to the Athenian territory.

The sowing season was opened in Attica by three sacred services of ploughing. Of these, two were in honour of Athene as inventress of the plough, while the third took place in honour of Demeter. It was Athens, also, who had taught men how to attach oxen to the yoke; above all, she had given them the olive-tree, the treasure of Attica. This tree she had made to grow out of the rock of the citadel, when disputing the possession of the land with Poseidon.

Several festivals, having reference to these functions of the goddess, were celebrated in Attica; the Callynteria and Plynteria , the Scirophoria , the Arrhephoria or Hersephoria , and the Oschophoria , which were common to Athens with Dionysus.

Even her chief feast, the Panathenoea , was originally a harvest festival. It is significant that the presentation of the peplos or mantle, the chief offering at the celebration, took place in the sowing season.

But afterwards more was made of the intellectual gifts bestowed by the goddess. Athens was very generally regarded as the goddess of war; an iaea which in ancient times was the prevailing one. It was connected with the fact that, like her father Zeus, she was supposed to be able to send storms and bad weather. In this capacity she appears in story as the true friend of all bold warriors, such as Perseus, Bellerophon, Jason, Heracles, Diomedes and Odysseus.

But her courage is a wise courage, not a blind rashness like that of Ares; and she is always represented, accordingly, as getting the better of him. In this connection she was honoured in Athenian worship mainly as a protector and defender; thus to take a striking example she was worshipped on the citadel of Athens under the name of Promachos "champion," "12 protector. As the personification of victory Athene Nike she had a second and especial temple on the Athenian Acropolis.

And the great statues in the temples represented her, like Zeus, with Nike in her outstretched hand. The occupations of peace, however, formed the main sphere of her activity. Like all the other deities who were supposed to dispense the blessings of nature, she is the protectress of growing children; and as the goddess of the clear sky and of pure air, she bestows health and keeps off sickness. Further, she is with Zeus the patroness of the Athenian Phratrioe , or unions of kinsfolk.

At Athens and Sparta she protects the popular and deliberative assemblies; in many places, and especially at Athens, the whole state is under her care Athene Polias, Poliachus. Elsewhere she presides over the larger unions of kindred peoples. The festival of Athene Itonia at Coronea was a confederate festival of all Boeotia. Under the title of Panachais she was worshipped as the goddess of the Achaean League.

Speaking broadly, Athene represents human wit and cleverness, and presides over the whole moral and intellectual side of human life. From her are derived all the productions of wisdom and understanding, every art and science, whether of war or of peace.

A crowd of discoveries, of the most various kinds, is ascribed to her. It has been already mentioned that she was credited with the invention of the plough and the yoke. She was often associated with Poseidon as the inventress of horse-taming and ship-building.

In the Athenian story she teaches Erichthonius to fasten his horses to the chariot. In the Corinthian story she teaches Bellerophon to subdue Pegasus. At Lindus in Rhodes she was worshipped as the goddess who helped Danaus to build the first fifty-oared ship.

In the fable of the Argonauts it is she who instructs the builders of the first ship, the Argo. Even in Homer all the productions of women's art, as of spinning and weaving, are characterized as "works of Athene. As the mistress and protectress of arts and handiwork, she was worshipped at the Chalkeia or Feast of Smiths under the title of Ergane.

Under this name she is mentioned in several inscriptions found on the Acropolis. Her genius covers the field of music and dancing. She is inventor of the flute and the trumpet, as well as of the Pyrrhic war-dance, in which she was said to have been the earliest performer, at the celebration of the victory of the Gods over the Giants.

It was Phidias who finally fixed the typical representation of Athens in works of art. Among his numerous statues of her, three, the most celebrated, were set up on the acropolis of Athens. These were 1 The colossal statue of Athene Parthenos , wrought in ivory and gold, thirty feet in height with the pedestal , and standing in the Parthenon. The goddess was represented wearing a long robe falling down to the feet, and on her breast was the aegis with the Gorgon's head.

A helmet was on her head; in one hand she bore a Victory, six feet in height, in the other a lance, which leaned against a shield adorned with scenes from the battles of the Amazons with the Giants. The proportions of this statue were so gigantic, that the gleaming point of the lance and the crest of the helmet were visible to seamen, on approaching the Piraeus from Sunium.

The attractions of this statue won for it the name of "the Beautiful. Throughout the numerous and varying representations of her, Athene has an imposing stature, suggesting a masculine rather than a feminine form; an oval face, with a brow of great clearness and purity; thoughtful eyes, compressed lips, firm chin, and hair carelessly thrown back.

Her ordinary attributes are the helmet, the aegis covering the breast or serving as a shield for the arm, the lance, the round shield with the Gorgon's head, the olive branch, and the owl. It is the art of arranging small cubes or tesserce of marble, coloured stone, terra cotta, glass, or some other artificial substance, so as to produce an ornamental pattern or picture, and to provide a durable form of decoration for walls and pavements.

The only mosaic hitherto found in Greece Proper is that discovered in , in the floor of the east portico of the temple of Zeus, at Olympia, possibly little later than the first half of the 4th century B. It is formed of rough round pebbles of various colours from the bed of the Alpheus, and it represents Tritons of graceful design surrounded by a tasteful border of palmettes and meandering lines see Baumeister's Denkmaler , fig.

The earliest mosaics mentioned in literature are those made for the ship of Hieron II, about the middle of the 3rd century, with scenes from the Iliad , which took skilled workmen a whole, year to execute Athenaeus, D. To the same age belongs the only artist in mosaic whose name is recorded in literature, Sosus of Pergamon, famous as the inventor of a kind of mosaic called the asaroton the "unswept" floor , in which the floor of a room is inlaid with representations of fruits, fishes, and fragments of food that have fallen from the table Pliny, xxxvi ; cp.

Statius, Silvoe i 3, Mosaics of this type have been found not only at Pompeii, but also at Aquileia and in Algiers. Acccording to Pliny, the original design by Sosus included a remarkable representation of a dove drinking and casting the shadow of its head on the water beneath, while several other doves were to be seen sunning themselves oil the rim of the bowl. The best known copy of this is that called The Capitoline Doves fig. It is entirely composed of cubes of marble, without any admixture of coloured glass.

The art of reproducing paintings is mosaic probably originated in Egypt, and thence found its way to Italy. The largest mosaic picture of Roman workmanship is that executed for the Temple of Fortune at Praeneste, restored by Sulla Pliny, xxxvi This was discovered in , and is generally supposed to represent a popular fete on the occasion of an inundation of the Nile. It probably belongs to the time of Hadrian.

Among the mosaics of Pompeii the most famous is that identified as the Battle of Issus , possibly a copy of the painting of the same subject by a female artist, Helena, "daughter of Timon the Egyptian," which was placed in the temple of Peace in the time of Vespasian Photius, Bibl. It represents the critical moment when Alexander is charging, bare-headed, in the thick of the fray, and has just transfixed with his lance one of the leaders of the Persians; while Darius, with his lofty tiara and red chlamys, is extending his right hand in an attitude of alarm and despair figs.

In the mosaic itself the lower border represents a river, apparently the Nile, with a crocodile, hippopotamus, ichneumon, ibis, etc. Mosaics bearing the artist's name are seldom found. The two finest of this class are those from Pompeii inscribed with the name of Dioscorides of Samos. One of these represents four masked figures playing on various instruments. The work is composed of very small pieces of glass, of the most beautiful colours and in various shades cut in Dyer's Pompeii , p.

Another of similar construction portrays a rehearsal for a satyric drama. The ground is black, the drapery mainly white, but the robe of the flute-player is bordered with purple, the lips are a bright red, and the flutes and ornaments coloured like gold.

The finest mosaic of the early part of the 2nd century A. The most celebrated works of a later date include that in the Thermoe of Caracalla, with numerous gladiatorial figures of colossal size and ungraceful drawing ib.

The dimensions of the latter are 50 feet by 33, and the design includes several groups of figures inclosed in a square or hexagonal framework of tesselated marble ib. Among the mosaics in the British Museum are an Amphitrite and Tritons, with Dionysus, Meleager, and Atalanta, all from Halicarnassus, and of Roman times, since figures of Dido and Aeneas were found in the same villa Newton's Travels and Discoveries, ii As mosaics still in situ in England may be mentioned those at Woodchester, Bignor, and Brading.

Wollaston, including a Greek mosaic of Iphigenia at Aulis , found in the Crimea, and the above-mentioned mosaic of Praeneste no. Mosaic pavements are known by different names descriptive of certain varieties of structure. Vitruvius, vii 1, 3, 4; Suetonius, Caesar , 46 at end. The dies are of different shapes, so as to allow of their following the wavy contours of the outline of the object. The name is derived from the fact that the general effect of such an arrangement resembles the contortions of a cluster of worms vermes.

Interraso marmore vermiculatisque ad effigies rerum crustis ; and Lucilius, quoted in Cicero's Orator , Quam lepide lexeis compostce ut tesseruloe omnes-arte pavimento atque emblemate vermiculato. Mosaics of glass were used to decorate ceilings Pliny, l.

The gilt tesserce used in Christian mosaics for the background of the pictures were formed by applying to a cube of earthenware, two thin plates of glass with a film of gold-leaf between them, and vitrifying the whole in a furnace.

It was this discovery that led to the extensive application of mosaic for the decoration of the walls, and more particularly the apses, of Christian churches. At Rome, we have mosaics of the 4th century in the churches of S.

At Ravenna, those of the lower part of the Orthodox Baptistery belong to A. Apollinare Nuovo to , and of the archiepiscopal palace to about the same, date; and, lastly, those of S. Apollinare in Classe to about At Milan, the mosaics of S. Ambrogio belong to the 5th century; those of S. Parenzo in Istria to the 6th; those of S. At Rome, those of SS. Cosmas and Damian are ascribed to ; of S.

Lorenzo Outside the Walls to ; of S. Agnese to ; of the oratory of S. Venantius, the churches of S. Cecilia in Trastevere, and S. Maria Navicella, to the 7th century. After the 9th century the art of working in mosaic ceased for awhile in Rome and in Italy in general, to be revived at a later date in the church of S.

Cyprian at Murano and the basilica of St. Mark's at Venice in and after the 11th century , and afterwards at Rome itself. In Sicily, the mosaics of the Cappella Palatina in the royal palace at Palermo were finished in , while those of the cathedral at Monreale were begun in At the distribution of the world the rule over the sea and all its gods and creatures fell to him, as the rule over the sky fell to Zeus, and that over the underworld to Pluto.

His wife is Amphitrite, his son Triton, his daughter Benthesikyme. Conway Greek lyric C5th B. This so befell, as on our ship we hung the bronze-fluked anchor. Then came to us this deity, all alone, clad in the noble semblance of a man of reverent bearing, and with friendly speech made to address us with a kindly greeting--such words with which a man of good intent speaks to invite the strangers newly come to share his table, and bids them first welcome.

Yet did the dear plea of our homeward voyage call to us and forbade our stay. His name he gave, Eurypylos Eurypylus , saying he was the son of the immortal Holder of Earth, Ennosides [Poseidon]; He saw hour haste to be away, and straightway he stopped and seized a clod beside his foot and in his right hand proffered the gift of friendship. And, for he felt no misbelief, Euphemos lept to the shore and grasped his outstretched hand, and took the earth, that sign of heaven's will. But now I learn that it is lost, washed down as evening fell from the ship's deck, to wander on the sea's dark smooth tide, with the sea spray.

Many a time, indeed, did I charge to the serving-men who ease our toil to watch it well; but they forgot. Thus now the deathless seed of Libya's far-spreading plains is spilt upon this isle, e'er the due time. For had that prince, son of the horseman's god Poseidon. Euphemos come to holy Tainaros Taenarum [the southernmost peninsular of the Peloponnese] and cast that seed where cleft earth opens to the mouth of hell, then had his sons in the fourth generation seized with the Danai this broad mainland.

For then from mighty Sparta and Argos' gulf and from Mykenai Mycenae the peoples shall rise and move from their abode. But now Euphemos, taking from a breed a foreign women one to be his bride, shall found a chosen race.

And they shall come paying due honour to the gods, unto this island, whee they shall beget a man born to be lord of those dark-misted plains. And on a day in time to come, this man shall tread the path down to the shrine of Pytho, and Phoibos Phoebus [Apollon].

Godley Greek historian C5th B. But when he was off Malea, a north wind caught and carried him away to Libya; and before he saw land, he came into the shallows of the Tritonian lake. There, while he could find no way out yet, Triton the story goes appeared to him and told Jason to give him the tripod, promising to show the sailors the channel and send them on their way unharmed. Jason did, and Triton then showed them the channel out of the shallows and set the tripod in his own temple; but first he prophesied over it, declaring the whole matter to Jason's comrades: Hearing this it is said the Libyan people of the country hid the tripod.

Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 4. Rieu Greek epic C3rd B. So they went ashore; and no sooner had they set up the tripod than the great god Triton appeared before them, taking the form of a young man. He picked up a clod of earth and held it out to them by way of welcome, saying: Here and now, I have no better one with which to welcome strangers such as you. But if you have lost your bearings, like many a traveller in foreign parts, and wish to cross the Libyan Sea, I will be your guide.

My father Poseidon has taught me all its secrets, and I am the king of this seaboard. You may have heard of me though you live so far away--Eurypylos Eurypylus , born in Libya, the country of wild beasts.

Far from meaning to come here, we were driven ashore on the borders of your land by a heavy gale. Then we hoisted our ship, and for all her weight, carried her across country till we came to this lagoon. And no we have no idea how to get out of it and reach the land of Pelops. At the same time he explained: But on either side of it are beaches where the rollers break--you can see the foam from here--and the fairway in between them is a narrow one.

The misty sea beyond it stretches from here to the sacred land of Pelops, on the other side of Krete Crete. Once you are out in the open, keep the land on your right and hug the coast as long as it runs north. But when it trends towards you and then falls away, you may safely leave it at the point where it projects and sail straight on.

A happy voyage then! And if the work is heavy, do not let that distress you. Young limbs should not object to toil. They were determined to escape from the lagoon by rowing and the ship forged ahead under their eager hands. Meanwhile Triton picked up the heavy tripod and walked into the water. They saw him stepping in; yet in a moment he had disappeared, quite close to them, tripod and all. But their hearts were warmed.

They felt that one of the blessed ones had come to them and brought good luck. They urged Iason to kill the best of their sheep and hold it out to the god with words of praise. Iason hastily selected one, lifted it up, and killed it over the stern, praying in these words: Whereupon the god emerged from the depths, no longer in disguise but in his own true form, and grasping the stem of their hollow ship drew her on towards the open sea.

So does a man trot along beside a fast horse griping his bushy mane, as he brings him in to race in the great arena; and nothing loath, the horse goes with him, tossing up his head in pride and making the foam-flecked bit ring out as he champs it in his jaws to this side and that. The body of the god, front and back, from the crown of his head to his waist and belly, was exactly like that of the other immortals; but from the hips down he was a monster of the deep, with two long tails, each ending in a pair of curved flukes shaped like the crescent moon.

With the spins of these two tails he lashed the surface of the water, and so brought Argo to the open sea, where he launched her on her way. Then he sank into the abyss, and the Argonauts cried out in wonder at the awe-inspiring sight. They spent that day on shore. The harbour there bears Argo's name and there are signs of her stay, including altars to Poseidon and Triton.

At dawn they spread the sail and ran before the west wind, always keeping the desert on their right. The clod, small as it was, turned into a woman of virginal appearance; and in an access of passion he lay with her. When the deed was done, he felt remorse--she had been a virgin and he had suckled her himself. But she consoled him, saying in a gentle voice: Give me a home with Nereus' Daughters the Nereides in the sea near Anaphe, and I will reappear in the light of day in time to welcome your descendants.

one thing, the

Mozley Roman poetry C1st A. Rouse Greek epic C5th A. This description matches the Greek vase painting above, showing Triton with his horn below Europa and the bull. Herakles is depicted wrestling Triton in early Athenian vase painting see images on this page. The story is probably a variation of the tale in which the hero captures Nereus, the old man of the sea, to learn the location of the golden apples of the Hesperides -- the elderly deity being replaced by his vigorous, young grandson as the wrestler.

Pseudo-Apollodorus, The Library 2. Herakles took hold of him as he lay sleeping, and bound him fast as Nereus changed himself into all sorts of shapes; he did not let him loose until Nereus told him where the apples and the Hesperides were. Pindar, Pythian Ode 4.

Conway Greek lyric C5th B. This so befell, as on our ship we hung the bronze-fluked anchor. Then came to us this deity, all alone, clad in the noble semblance of a man of reverent bearing, and with friendly speech made to address us with a kindly greeting--such words with which a man of good intent speaks to invite the strangers newly come to share his table, and bids them first welcome.

Yet did the dear plea of our homeward voyage call to us and forbade our stay. His name he gave, Eurypylos Eurypylus , saying he was the son of the immortal Holder of Earth, Ennosides [Poseidon]; He saw hour haste to be away, and straightway he stopped and seized a clod beside his foot and in his right hand proffered the gift of friendship.

And, for he felt no misbelief, Euphemos lept to the shore and grasped his outstretched hand, and took the earth, that sign of heaven's will.

But now I learn that it is lost, washed down as evening fell from the ship's deck, to wander on the sea's dark smooth tide, with the sea spray. Many a time, indeed, did I charge to the serving-men who ease our toil to watch it well; but they forgot. Thus now the deathless seed of Libya's far-spreading plains is spilt upon this isle, e'er the due time. For had that prince, son of the horseman's god Poseidon. Euphemos come to holy Tainaros Taenarum [the southernmost peninsular of the Peloponnese] and cast that seed where cleft earth opens to the mouth of hell, then had his sons in the fourth generation seized with the Danai this broad mainland.

For then from mighty Sparta and Argos' gulf and from Mykenai Mycenae the peoples shall rise and move from their abode. But now Euphemos, taking from a breed a foreign women one to be his bride, shall found a chosen race. And they shall come paying due honour to the gods, unto this island, whee they shall beget a man born to be lord of those dark-misted plains. And on a day in time to come, this man shall tread the path down to the shrine of Pytho, and Phoibos Phoebus [Apollon]. Godley Greek historian C5th B.

But when he was off Malea, a north wind caught and carried him away to Libya; and before he saw land, he came into the shallows of the Tritonian lake. There, while he could find no way out yet, Triton the story goes appeared to him and told Jason to give him the tripod, promising to show the sailors the channel and send them on their way unharmed.

Jason did, and Triton then showed them the channel out of the shallows and set the tripod in his own temple; but first he prophesied over it, declaring the whole matter to Jason's comrades: Hearing this it is said the Libyan people of the country hid the tripod. Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 4. Rieu Greek epic C3rd B. So they went ashore; and no sooner had they set up the tripod than the great god Triton appeared before them, taking the form of a young man.

He picked up a clod of earth and held it out to them by way of welcome, saying: Here and now, I have no better one with which to welcome strangers such as you. But if you have lost your bearings, like many a traveller in foreign parts, and wish to cross the Libyan Sea, I will be your guide. My father Poseidon has taught me all its secrets, and I am the king of this seaboard. You may have heard of me though you live so far away--Eurypylos Eurypylus , born in Libya, the country of wild beasts.

Far from meaning to come here, we were driven ashore on the borders of your land by a heavy gale. Then we hoisted our ship, and for all her weight, carried her across country till we came to this lagoon.

And no we have no idea how to get out of it and reach the land of Pelops. At the same time he explained: But on either side of it are beaches where the rollers break--you can see the foam from here--and the fairway in between them is a narrow one. The misty sea beyond it stretches from here to the sacred land of Pelops, on the other side of Krete Crete. Once you are out in the open, keep the land on your right and hug the coast as long as it runs north.

But when it trends towards you and then falls away, you may safely leave it at the point where it projects and sail straight on. A happy voyage then! And if the work is heavy, do not let that distress you. Young limbs should not object to toil. They were determined to escape from the lagoon by rowing and the ship forged ahead under their eager hands. Meanwhile Triton picked up the heavy tripod and walked into the water. They saw him stepping in; yet in a moment he had disappeared, quite close to them, tripod and all.

But their hearts were warmed. They felt that one of the blessed ones had come to them and brought good luck. They urged Iason to kill the best of their sheep and hold it out to the god with words of praise. Iason hastily selected one, lifted it up, and killed it over the stern, praying in these words: Whereupon the god emerged from the depths, no longer in disguise but in his own true form, and grasping the stem of their hollow ship drew her on towards the open sea.

So does a man trot along beside a fast horse griping his bushy mane, as he brings him in to race in the great arena; and nothing loath, the horse goes with him, tossing up his head in pride and making the foam-flecked bit ring out as he champs it in his jaws to this side and that. The body of the god, front and back, from the crown of his head to his waist and belly, was exactly like that of the other immortals; but from the hips down he was a monster of the deep, with two long tails, each ending in a pair of curved flukes shaped like the crescent moon.

With the spins of these two tails he lashed the surface of the water, and so brought Argo to the open sea, where he launched her on her way. Among these was the Apollo placed by Augustus in the temple on the Palatine, clothed in a long robe, with a crown of bayleaves on his head, sweeping the chords of his lyre [Pliny, xxxvi 25; Propertius, ii 31, ll.

The influence of some of these works has been traced in copies and imitations that are still extant. Her lower half lies in a dark cavern, which is in the middle of a rock, smooth of surface, not to be climbed, and rising up into the clouds; while with her heads she fishes for dolphins, sea-dogs, and the larger animals of the sea.

If a ship come too near to her, with each of her six heads she snatches up a man of the crew, as from the ship of Odysseus. Opposite her, a bow-shot off, is a lower rock with a wild fig tree on it, and under it the whirlpool of Charybdis, which three times in the day sucks in the sea and discharges it again in a terrible whirlpool, against which even the help of Poseidon is unavailing.

Whoever tries to avoid one of the two evils falls a prey to the other [Homer, Od. In later times Scylla and Charybdis, the position of which is left uncertain by Homer, were supposed to be placed in the Strait of Messina, Scylla being identified with a projecting rock on the Italian side.

She was also made a daughter of Phorcys and of Hecate Crataeis. When Heracles, as he is passing by, is robbed by her of one of Geryon's oxen, he slays her in her cavern; but her father burns her corpse, and thus recalls her to life. According to another myth, she was originally a beautiful princess or sea Nymph, loved now by Zeus, now by Poseidon or Glaucus or Triton, until she was changed by the jealousy of her rivals, Hera, Amphitrite, or Circe, into a monster, imagined as a maiden above, but as ending below in the body of a fish, begirt with hideous dogs.

According to the story most generally current, she was the daughter of Zeus, who had swallowed his first wife Metis " Counsel " , the daughter of Oceanus, in fear that she would bring forth a son stronger than himself. Hephaeestus or, according to another version, Prometheus clave open the head of Zeus with an axe, on which Athene sprang forth in full armour, the goddess of eternal virginity. But her ancient epithet Tritogeneia "born of Triton," or the roaring flood points to water that is, to Oceanus ; as the source of her being.

Oceanus was, according to Homer, the origin of all things and of all deities. The worship of Athene, and the story of her birth, were accordingly connected with many brooks and lakes in various regions, especially in Boeotia, Thessalia, and Libya, to which the name Triton was attached. From the first, Athene takes a very prominent place in the Greek popular religion. The Homeric hymns represent her as the favourite of her father, who refuses her nothing.

When solemn oaths were to be taken, they joined her name with those of Zeus and Apollo, in a way which shows that the three deities represent the embodiment of all divine authority. With the exception of the two gods just mentioned, there is no other deity whose original character as a power of nature underwent so remarkable an ethical development. Both conceptions of Athene, the natural and the ethical, were intimately connected in the religion of Attica, whose capital, Athens, was named after Athene, and was the most important seat of her worship.

Athens was originally the maiden daughter of the god of heaven; the clear, transparent aether, whose purity is always breaking forth in unveiled brilliancy through the clouds that surround it. As a deity of the sky she, with Zeus, is the mistress of thunder and lightning. Like Zeus, she carries the aegis with the Gorgon's head, the symbol of the tempest and its terrors.

In many statues, accordingly, she is represented as hurling the thunder-bolt. But she also sends down, from sky to earth, light and warmth and fruitful dew, and with them prosperity to fields and plants. A whole series of fables and usages, belonging especially to the Athenian religion, represents her as the helper and protector of agriculture.

The two deities Erechtheus and Erichthonius, honoured in Attica as powers of the fruitful soil, are her foster-children. She was worshipped with Erechtheus in the temple named after him the Erechtheum , the oldest sanctuary on the Athenian Acropolis.

The names of her earliest priestesses, the daughters of Cecrops, Aglaurus, Pandrosus, and Herse, signify the bright air, the dew, and the rain, and are mere personifications of their qualities, of such value to the Athenian territory. The sowing season was opened in Attica by three sacred services of ploughing. Of these, two were in honour of Athene as inventress of the plough, while the third took place in honour of Demeter.

It was Athens, also, who had taught men how to attach oxen to the yoke; above all, she had given them the olive-tree, the treasure of Attica. This tree she had made to grow out of the rock of the citadel, when disputing the possession of the land with Poseidon.

Several festivals, having reference to these functions of the goddess, were celebrated in Attica; the Callynteria and Plynteria , the Scirophoria , the Arrhephoria or Hersephoria , and the Oschophoria , which were common to Athens with Dionysus. Even her chief feast, the Panathenoea , was originally a harvest festival. It is significant that the presentation of the peplos or mantle, the chief offering at the celebration, took place in the sowing season. But afterwards more was made of the intellectual gifts bestowed by the goddess.

Athens was very generally regarded as the goddess of war; an iaea which in ancient times was the prevailing one.

It was connected with the fact that, like her father Zeus, she was supposed to be able to send storms and bad weather. In this capacity she appears in story as the true friend of all bold warriors, such as Perseus, Bellerophon, Jason, Heracles, Diomedes and Odysseus. But her courage is a wise courage, not a blind rashness like that of Ares; and she is always represented, accordingly, as getting the better of him.

In this connection she was honoured in Athenian worship mainly as a protector and defender; thus to take a striking example she was worshipped on the citadel of Athens under the name of Promachos "champion," "12 protector.

As the personification of victory Athene Nike she had a second and especial temple on the Athenian Acropolis. And the great statues in the temples represented her, like Zeus, with Nike in her outstretched hand. The occupations of peace, however, formed the main sphere of her activity.

Like all the other deities who were supposed to dispense the blessings of nature, she is the protectress of growing children; and as the goddess of the clear sky and of pure air, she bestows health and keeps off sickness.

Further, she is with Zeus the patroness of the Athenian Phratrioe , or unions of kinsfolk. At Athens and Sparta she protects the popular and deliberative assemblies; in many places, and especially at Athens, the whole state is under her care Athene Polias, Poliachus. Elsewhere she presides over the larger unions of kindred peoples. The festival of Athene Itonia at Coronea was a confederate festival of all Boeotia.

Under the title of Panachais she was worshipped as the goddess of the Achaean League. Speaking broadly, Athene represents human wit and cleverness, and presides over the whole moral and intellectual side of human life. From her are derived all the productions of wisdom and understanding, every art and science, whether of war or of peace. A crowd of discoveries, of the most various kinds, is ascribed to her.

It has been already mentioned that she was credited with the invention of the plough and the yoke. She was often associated with Poseidon as the inventress of horse-taming and ship-building. In the Athenian story she teaches Erichthonius to fasten his horses to the chariot. In the Corinthian story she teaches Bellerophon to subdue Pegasus. At Lindus in Rhodes she was worshipped as the goddess who helped Danaus to build the first fifty-oared ship.

In the fable of the Argonauts it is she who instructs the builders of the first ship, the Argo. Even in Homer all the productions of women's art, as of spinning and weaving, are characterized as "works of Athene.

As the mistress and protectress of arts and handiwork, she was worshipped at the Chalkeia or Feast of Smiths under the title of Ergane. Under this name she is mentioned in several inscriptions found on the Acropolis.

Her genius covers the field of music and dancing. She is inventor of the flute and the trumpet, as well as of the Pyrrhic war-dance, in which she was said to have been the earliest performer, at the celebration of the victory of the Gods over the Giants.

It was Phidias who finally fixed the typical representation of Athens in works of art. Among his numerous statues of her, three, the most celebrated, were set up on the acropolis of Athens. These were 1 The colossal statue of Athene Parthenos , wrought in ivory and gold, thirty feet in height with the pedestal , and standing in the Parthenon. The goddess was represented wearing a long robe falling down to the feet, and on her breast was the aegis with the Gorgon's head.

A helmet was on her head; in one hand she bore a Victory, six feet in height, in the other a lance, which leaned against a shield adorned with scenes from the battles of the Amazons with the Giants. The proportions of this statue were so gigantic, that the gleaming point of the lance and the crest of the helmet were visible to seamen, on approaching the Piraeus from Sunium. The attractions of this statue won for it the name of "the Beautiful.

Throughout the numerous and varying representations of her, Athene has an imposing stature, suggesting a masculine rather than a feminine form; an oval face, with a brow of great clearness and purity; thoughtful eyes, compressed lips, firm chin, and hair carelessly thrown back. Her ordinary attributes are the helmet, the aegis covering the breast or serving as a shield for the arm, the lance, the round shield with the Gorgon's head, the olive branch, and the owl. It is the art of arranging small cubes or tesserce of marble, coloured stone, terra cotta, glass, or some other artificial substance, so as to produce an ornamental pattern or picture, and to provide a durable form of decoration for walls and pavements.

The only mosaic hitherto found in Greece Proper is that discovered in , in the floor of the east portico of the temple of Zeus, at Olympia, possibly little later than the first half of the 4th century B. It is formed of rough round pebbles of various colours from the bed of the Alpheus, and it represents Tritons of graceful design surrounded by a tasteful border of palmettes and meandering lines see Baumeister's Denkmaler , fig.

The earliest mosaics mentioned in literature are those made for the ship of Hieron II, about the middle of the 3rd century, with scenes from the Iliad , which took skilled workmen a whole, year to execute Athenaeus, D.

To the same age belongs the only artist in mosaic whose name is recorded in literature, Sosus of Pergamon, famous as the inventor of a kind of mosaic called the asaroton the "unswept" floor , in which the floor of a room is inlaid with representations of fruits, fishes, and fragments of food that have fallen from the table Pliny, xxxvi ; cp.

Statius, Silvoe i 3, Mosaics of this type have been found not only at Pompeii, but also at Aquileia and in Algiers. Acccording to Pliny, the original design by Sosus included a remarkable representation of a dove drinking and casting the shadow of its head on the water beneath, while several other doves were to be seen sunning themselves oil the rim of the bowl. The best known copy of this is that called The Capitoline Doves fig.

It is entirely composed of cubes of marble, without any admixture of coloured glass. The art of reproducing paintings is mosaic probably originated in Egypt, and thence found its way to Italy. The largest mosaic picture of Roman workmanship is that executed for the Temple of Fortune at Praeneste, restored by Sulla Pliny, xxxvi This was discovered in , and is generally supposed to represent a popular fete on the occasion of an inundation of the Nile.

It probably belongs to the time of Hadrian. Among the mosaics of Pompeii the most famous is that identified as the Battle of Issus , possibly a copy of the painting of the same subject by a female artist, Helena, "daughter of Timon the Egyptian," which was placed in the temple of Peace in the time of Vespasian Photius, Bibl. It represents the critical moment when Alexander is charging, bare-headed, in the thick of the fray, and has just transfixed with his lance one of the leaders of the Persians; while Darius, with his lofty tiara and red chlamys, is extending his right hand in an attitude of alarm and despair figs.

In the mosaic itself the lower border represents a river, apparently the Nile, with a crocodile, hippopotamus, ichneumon, ibis, etc. Mosaics bearing the artist's name are seldom found. The two finest of this class are those from Pompeii inscribed with the name of Dioscorides of Samos.

One of these represents four masked figures playing on various instruments. The work is composed of very small pieces of glass, of the most beautiful colours and in various shades cut in Dyer's Pompeii , p.

Another of similar construction portrays a rehearsal for a satyric drama. The ground is black, the drapery mainly white, but the robe of the flute-player is bordered with purple, the lips are a bright red, and the flutes and ornaments coloured like gold. The finest mosaic of the early part of the 2nd century A.

The most celebrated works of a later date include that in the Thermoe of Caracalla, with numerous gladiatorial figures of colossal size and ungraceful drawing ib. The dimensions of the latter are 50 feet by 33, and the design includes several groups of figures inclosed in a square or hexagonal framework of tesselated marble ib.

Among the mosaics in the British Museum are an Amphitrite and Tritons, with Dionysus, Meleager, and Atalanta, all from Halicarnassus, and of Roman times, since figures of Dido and Aeneas were found in the same villa Newton's Travels and Discoveries, ii As mosaics still in situ in England may be mentioned those at Woodchester, Bignor, and Brading. Wollaston, including a Greek mosaic of Iphigenia at Aulis , found in the Crimea, and the above-mentioned mosaic of Praeneste no.

Mosaic pavements are known by different names descriptive of certain varieties of structure. Vitruvius, vii 1, 3, 4; Suetonius, Caesar , 46 at end. The dies are of different shapes, so as to allow of their following the wavy contours of the outline of the object. The name is derived from the fact that the general effect of such an arrangement resembles the contortions of a cluster of worms vermes. Interraso marmore vermiculatisque ad effigies rerum crustis ; and Lucilius, quoted in Cicero's Orator , Quam lepide lexeis compostce ut tesseruloe omnes-arte pavimento atque emblemate vermiculato.

Mosaics of glass were used to decorate ceilings Pliny, l. The gilt tesserce used in Christian mosaics for the background of the pictures were formed by applying to a cube of earthenware, two thin plates of glass with a film of gold-leaf between them, and vitrifying the whole in a furnace.

Roboxchange

Top 10 Greek Gods and Goddesses